Low back pain and spinal disorders
Low back pain is one of the most common complaints, and can be caused by everything from strained muscles to bulging discs.
Many forms of arthritis and related conditions that affect the joint, muscles and/or bones can cause hip problems like pain, stiffness and swelling.The hip joint is a ball and socket that allows the thigh to move in different directions.
The most common disease affecting the knee is osteoarthritis. The cartilage in the knee gradually wears away, causing pain and swelling. Injuries to ligaments and tendons also cause knee problems.
Ankle and foot diseases
Your ankle is made up of bones that are supported with muscles and ligaments that balance and stabilize your body. Ankle disorders can result from damage to the bone, muscle, or soft tissue.
Neck pain and neck disorders
Neck pain is discomfort in any of the structures in the neck. These include the muscles, nerves, bones (vertebrae), and the disks between the bones.
Many forms of arthritis and related conditions that affect the joints, muscles and/or bones can cause problems like pain, stiffness and swelling in the shoulders.
Tendinitis of the elbow is a sports injury, often from playing tennis or golf. You may also get tendinitis from overuse of the elbow. Other causes of elbow pain include sprains, strains, fractures, dislocations, bursitis and arthritis.
Hand and wrist diseases
The hand and wrist are subject to a variety of problems. Some problems are the result of how you use your hands in everyday activities – for example, sprains and strains can occur with carrying heavy objects or sports injuries.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a medical condition due to compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel. The main symptoms are pain, numbness and tingling in the hand.
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies form against acetylcholine postsynaptic receptors at the neuromuscular junction of skeletal muscles that causes weakness in the muscles.
Motor neuron diseases & ALS
Motor neurone disease (MND) is a progressive disease that attacks the motor neurones, or nerves, in the brain and spinal cord. This means messages gradually stop reaching muscles, which leads to weakness and wasting.
The myopathies are neuromuscular disorders in which the primary symptom is muscle weakness due to dysfunction of muscle fiber. Myopathies can be inherited (such as the muscular dystrophies) or acquired (such as polymyositis).
Peripheral neuropathy, a result of damage to your peripheral nerves, often causes weakness, numbness and pain, usually in your hands and feet. It can also affect other areas of your body.
Plexopathy is an injury to or involvement of one or more nerves that combine to form or branch from the plexus.
Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the elderly.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-lasting autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints. It typically results in warm, swollen, and painful joints.
Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising. They can result from accidents, poor training technique in practice, inadequate equipment, and overuse of a particular body part.
Visual evoked potentials